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All Grands Prix have traditionally been run during the day, until the inaugural Singapore Grand Prix hosted the first Formula One night race,  which was followed in by the day—night Abu Dhabi Grand Prix and then the Bahrain Grand Prix which converted to a night race in Along with holding races at night, other Grands Prix in Asia have had their start times adjusted to benefit the European television audience.
A typical circuit usually features a stretch of straight road on which the starting grid is situated. The layout of the rest of the circuit varies widely, although in most cases the circuit runs in a clockwise direction.
Those few circuits that run anticlockwise and therefore have predominantly left-handed corners can cause drivers neck problems due to the enormous lateral forces generated by F1 cars pulling their heads in the opposite direction to normal.
Most of the circuits currently in use are specially constructed for competition. The current street circuits are Monaco , Melbourne , Singapore , Sochi and Baku although races in other urban locations come and go Las Vegas and Detroit , for example and proposals for such races are often discussed—most recently New Jersey.
Several circuits have been completely laid out on public roads in the past, such as Valencia in Spain, though Monaco is the only one that remains.
The glamour and history of the Monaco race are the primary reasons why the circuit is still in use, even though it does not meet the strict safety requirements imposed on other tracks.
Three-time World champion Nelson Piquet famously described racing in Monaco as "like riding a bicycle around your living room".
Several of the new circuits in F1, especially those designed by Tilke, have been criticised as lacking the "flow" of such classics as Spa-Francorchamps and Imola.
His redesign of the Hockenheim circuit in Germany for example, while providing more capacity for grandstands and eliminating extremely long and dangerous straights, has been frowned upon by many who argue that part of the character of the Hockenheim circuits was the long and blinding straights into dark forest sections.
These newer circuits, however, are generally agreed to meet the safety standards of modern Formula One better than the older ones.
A single race requires hotel rooms to accommodate at least 5, visitors. Modern Formula One cars are mid-engined , hybrid, open cockpit, open wheel single-seaters.
The chassis is made largely of carbon-fibre composites , rendering it light but extremely stiff and strong. The race teams take advantage of this by placing this ballast at the extreme bottom of the chassis, thereby locating the centre of gravity as low as possible in order to improve handling and weight transfer.
The cornering speed of Formula One cars is largely determined by the aerodynamic downforce that they generate, which pushes the car down onto the track.
This is provided by "wings" mounted at the front and rear of the vehicle, and by ground effect created by low air pressure under the flat bottom of the car.
The aerodynamic design of the cars is very heavily constrained to limit performance and the current generation of cars sport a large number of small winglets, "barge boards", and turning vanes designed to closely control the flow of the air over, under, and around the car.
The other major factor controlling the cornering speed of the cars is the design of the tyres. From to , the tyres in Formula One were not " slicks " tyres with no tread pattern as in most other circuit racing series.
Instead, each tyre had four large circumferential grooves on its surface designed to limit the cornering speed of the cars.
Suspension is double wishbone or multilink front and rear, with pushrod operated springs and dampers on the chassis — one exception being that of the specification Red Bull Racing car RB5 which used pullrod suspension at the rear, the first car to do so since the Minardi PS01 in Ferrari used a pullrod suspension at both the front and rear in their car.
Carbon-carbon disc brakes are used for reduced weight and increased frictional performance. These provide a very high level of braking performance and are usually the element which provokes the greatest reaction from drivers new to the formula.
Formula One cars must have four uncovered wheels, all made of the same metallic material, which must be one of two magnesium alloys specified by the FIA.
Starting with the Formula 1 season, the engines have changed from a 2. In addition they include a lot of energy recovery technology.
Engines run on unleaded fuel closely resembling publicly available petrol. A wide variety of technologies—including active suspension  and ground effect aerodynamics  —are banned under the current regulations.
The downforce means that the cars can achieve a lateral force with a magnitude of up to 3. Such high lateral forces are enough to make breathing difficult and the drivers need supreme concentration and fitness to maintain their focus for the one to two hours that it takes to complete the race.
A high-performance road car like the Enzo Ferrari only achieves around 1g. As of [update] , each team may have no more than two cars available for use at any time.
If more engines are used, he drops ten places on the starting grid of the event at which an additional engine is used. The only exception is where the engine is provided by a manufacturer or supplier taking part in its first championship season, in which case up to five may be used by a driver.
As of [update] , each driver is limited to 3 power units per season, before incurring grid penalties. This was broken down as follows: Costs vary greatly from team to team.
There have been controversies with the way profits are shared amongst the teams. The smaller teams have complained that the profits are unevenly shared, favouring established top teams.
In September , Force India and Sauber officially lodged a complaint with the European Union against Formula One questioning the governance and stating that the system of dividing revenues and determining the rules is unfair and unlawful.
The cost of building a brand new permanent circuit can be up to hundreds of millions of dollars, while the cost of converting a public road, such as Albert Park , into a temporary circuit is much less.
Permanent circuits, however, can generate revenue all year round from leasing the track for private races and other races, such as MotoGP.
A number of Formula One drivers earn the highest salary of any drivers in auto racing. The expense of Formula One has seen the FIA and the Formula One Commission attempt to create new regulations to lower the costs for a team to compete in the sport.
In the interest of making the sport truer to its role as a World Championship, Bernie Ecclestone had initiated and organised a number of Grands Prix in new countries.
Proposals to hold future races are regularly made by both new locations and countries and circuits that have previously hosted a Formula One Grand Prix.
Following their purchase of the commercial rights to the sport in , Liberty Media announced their vision for the future of Formula One at the Bahrain Grand Prix.
Formula One can be seen live or tape delayed in almost every country and territory around the world and attracts one of the largest global television audiences.
During the early s, Formula One Group created a number of trademarks, an official logo, and an official website for the sport in an attempt to give it a corporate identity.
Ecclestone experimented with a digital television package known colloquially as Bernievision which was launched at the German Grand Prix in co-operation with German digital television service "DF1", 30 years after the first GP colour TV broadcast, the German Grand Prix.
This service offered the viewer several simultaneous feeds such as super signal, on board, top of field, backfield, highlights, pit lane, timing which were produced with cameras, technical equipment and staff different from those used for the conventional coverage.
It was introduced in many countries over the years, but was shut down after the season for financial reasons. The only station that originally differed from this was "Premiere"—a German channel which offers all sessions live and interactive, with features such as the onboard channel.
This service was more widely available around Europe until the end of , when the cost of a whole different feed for the digital interactive services was thought too much.
Prices were too high for viewers, considering they could watch both the qualifying and the races themselves free on ITV. However, upon the commencement of its coverage for the season, the BBC reintroduced complementary features such as the "red button" in-car camera angles, multiple soundtracks broadcast commentary, CBBC commentary for children, or ambient sound only and a rolling highlights package.
Different combinations of these features are available across the various digital platforms Freeview , Freesat , Sky , Virgin Media cable and the BBC F1 web site prior to, during, and after the race weekend.
Not all services are available across all the various platforms due to technical constraints. An announcement was made on 12 January , on the official Formula 1 website Formula1.
Sky Sports F1 covered all races live without commercial interruption as well as live practice and qualifying sessions, along with F1 programming, including interviews, archive action and magazine shows.
BBC ended their joint television contract after the season, transferring their rights to Channel 4 until the end of the season, with their coverage being presented by former T4 presenter Steve Jones.
The official Formula One website Formula1. An official application has been available for iOS in the Apple App Store since ,  and for Android on Google Play since ,  that shows users a real-time feed of driver positions,  timing and commentary.
But the two terms are not interchangeable. The distinction is most relevant when considering career summaries and "all-time lists".
For example, in the List of Formula One drivers , Clemente Biondetti is shown with a single race against his name.
Biondetti actually competed in four Formula One races in ,  but only one of these counted for the World Championship. Similarly, several Indianapolis winners technically won their first World Championship race, though most record books choose to ignore this and instead only record regular World Championship participants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Drivers GP winners Polesitters Fastest laps. Constructors GP winners Champions. Seasons Grands Prix Circuits.
National colours Sponsorship liveries. Racing flags Red-flagged races. Female drivers TV broadcasters. Drivers Constructors Engines Tyres Races.
History of Formula One. South African Formula One Championship. British Formula One Championship. Formula One racing , Racing flags , and Formula One regulations.
List of Formula One World Championship points scoring systems. List of Formula One Grands Prix. List of Formula One circuits. List of Formula One broadcasters.
The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
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Power in race trim at that time was lower than for qualifying due to the need for greater reliability and fuel efficiency during the race. The Christchurch Press Company.
Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 26 December Privateer era is over". Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 12 September Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 6 March Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 21 October Formula One World Championship.
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Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 10 January Being recognised as a Constructor involves owning the intellectual property rights to what are defined as the listed parts: Retrieved 23 May Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 11 June Archived from the original PDF on 2 October James Allen on F1.
Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 24 September F1 and the number 13". Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 12 October Retrieved 4 July Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 25 April Retrieved 7 November F-1 race at Sohna or Greater Noida".
Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 18 December Formula One World Championship Ltd. Retrieved 2 February Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 4 April Suspension and steering systems".
Retrieved 9 August Bodywork, dimensions, and cockpit". Just for the Record". Archived from the original on 6 April Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 15 March Power unit and ERS".
Archived from the original on 20 May Archived from the original on 23 August Retrieved 7 October Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 28 July Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 29 June Retrieved on 10 March The cumulative figure, which exceeds the total population of the planet by many times, counts all viewers who watch F1 on any programme at any time during the year.
Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 5 October Archived from the original on 8 January Retrieved 21 December Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 23 December BBC to end Formula 1 television contract early.
Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 10 March The Complete Book of Formula One.
Gross, Nigel et al. In, Years of Change: Speed and Power pp. Grand Prix Data Book 4th edition. The international motor racing guide. Retrieved 11 November The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Formula One.
Formula One Grand Prix Includes foreword by Martin Brundle. The Great Encyclopedia of Formula 1, 5th edition.
Race Travel Guide The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula One. Categories for International Racing" in Northey, Tom, ed.
The World Of Automobiles , Volume 6, pp. Formula One navigational boxes. Teams and drivers contracted to compete in the Formula One World Championship.
Formula One Grands Prix. Although World Championship races held in and were run to Formula Two regulations, constructors who only participated during this period are included herein to maintain Championship continuity.
Constructors whose only participation in the World Championship was in the Indianapolis races between and are not listed.
Formula One drivers by country. Platinum Gold Silver Bronze. Classes of auto racing. List of world sports championships.
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Basque pelota Cricket men women Lacrosse men Polo Roller hockey men women. Spectators will see cars weaving right, left, and out onto the main straight.
This is a sought after grandstand and a fantastic spot to see cars charge towards the first corner. Spectators will also be well placed to see the pre-race grid further up the straight, a distant view of the podium, the chequered flag as the winner crosses the line, and the champagne showered podium celebrations and interviews afterwards.
At this stage, cars sweep through this double turn left-right, before heading uphill at an incredible speed. This grandstand is located in the beginning of the smooth Pouhon curve: This is an excellent location to see amazing cornering ability and aerodynamic grip of F1 cars, as they take the left and right-handers at an amazing mph.
Due to its combination of a blisteringly fast straight nestled within a couple of crazy tight turns, this breeds some of the most exciting racing on the circuit.
Areas accessible with a Bronze ticket include stretches alongside the extremely high speed Kemmel straight, the inside from Bruxelles corner on around to the high speed Double Gauche corner, and alongside the high speed Blanchimont sector.
The ticket provides access to different areas where you can sit or stand and enjoy the race. We recommend that you arrive promptly to ensure a good viewing location.
You can keep up with the whole race form this grandstand, as you will be able to see the action on a giant screen as well. The following is included in your Grandstand ticket: With a seat here, you have excellent views of the whole stretch form the Source curb until the Eau Rouge.
You will also be able to enjoy all the action around the GP 2 paddock from this grandstand.
Red Bull has not been shy about its big expectations for its switch to Honda power. Neither was McLaren four years ago, and that story ended badly.
Is Red Bull about to make exactly the same mistake? Formula 1 race promoters have criticised the sports owner Liberty Media for the direction it is taking the sport in, after taking the unusual step of issuing a statement to express their concerns.
Jenson Button believes new Ferrari signing Charles Leclerc could force Sebastian Vettel into a "tough decision" over his Formula 1 future.
Renault will have a new engine test bench to use from next month which should provide the Formula 1 manufacturer better reliability validation and be compatible with more powerful engines.
Nikita Mazepin will dovetail his rookie Formula 2 campaign with a private testing programme in a Mercedes Formula 1 car. Jake Boxall-Legge and Edd Straw join Glenn Freeman to discuss the ideas, which go a lot further than simply mocking up a futuristic car and s.
The FIA introduced tighter restrictions on racing licences issued to drivers taking part in free practice sessions. Candidate drivers are required to complete a minimum number of Formula 2 races or earn twenty-five superlicense points over a three-year period.
The changes were introduced to address concerns about drivers who would not be able to meet the standards required to compete in Formula One having access to Formula One cars.
The schedule of a Grand Prix weekend was changed, with the start time of most European races pushed back by one hour in an attempt to accommodate a larger television audience.
All races were scheduled to start at ten minutes past the hour so as to allow broadcasters the opportunity for pre-race coverage, especially in cases when their broadcast of the race starts on the hour.
Finally, the mid-season test, which was held in Bahrain in , was moved to Barcelona. Power unit suppliers are required to provide all teams using their engines with an identical specification of power units.
The quantity of power unit components a driver may use during the season was reduced from four complete power units during the entire season in to a new system where each of the power unit components is considered separately.
Restrictions against the practice of oil burning, where engine oils are burned as fuel to boost performance, were also introduced. The practice, which was first used in saw teams burning as much as 1.
For the championship, this figure was revised down to a maximum of 0. These oils are subject to stricter definitions of what is considered "oil" in order to prevent teams from using exotic blends designed to boost performance.
Teams are also required to inform the stewards of the mass of oil in each oil tank before the race. This rule was introduced in a bid to limit the performance gains possible via charge air cooling.
The FIA banned the use of "shark fins", a carbon fibre extension to the engine cowling aimed at directing airflow over the rear wing.
Following a series of serious incidents in open-wheel racing — including the fatal accidents of Henry Surtees and Justin Wilson — in which drivers were struck in the head by tyres or debris, the FIA announced plans to introduce additional mandatory cockpit protection with given as the first year for its introduction.
Several solutions were tested, with the final design subject to feedback from teams and drivers. Following criticisms over the aesthetic value of the device, the FIA revealed plans to allow teams some design freedom in the final version of the halo,  with the teams permitted to attach a thin single-plane wing atop the halo to control airflow over the top of the car and into the airbox to assist with engine cooling.
Where the test models of the halo had been attached to an existing monocoque structure, teams were required to incorporate the final build of the halo into the chassis design from its inception rather than attached once the design was completed.
In order to simulate a serious accident, a tyre was mounted to a hydraulic ram and fired at the crash structure; to pass the test, the chassis and the mounting points for the halo had to remain intact.
The FIA made several changes to its trackside procedures to further accommodate the halo. The time limit on the extraction test — the test of a driver extracting himself from the survival cell of a crashed car — was extended to allow drivers more time to escape.
Tyre supplier Pirelli provided teams with two new tyre compounds in The hard compound, which previously used orange markings, was changed to ice blue.
Previously, Pirelli had to provide sequential compounds; for example, ultrasoft, supersoft and soft. Pirelli was required to manufacture an additional tyre compound that was not intended for competition.
This tyre was to be supplied to teams for use in demonstration events to prevent teams from using demonstration events as informal — and illegal — testing.
This was to combat blistering due to new asphalt at these circuits for the season, which resulted in higher grip and reduced tyre wear.
The championship started in Melbourne with the Australian Grand Prix. Valtteri Bottas was eighth, having started fifteenth when he took a penalty for a gearbox change after a heavy crash in qualifying.
Vettel then won from pole at the next round in Bahrain , holding off a late charge from Bottas to win by seven-tenths of a second.
Hamilton finished third despite a 5 place grid penalty for a gearbox change and contact with Verstappen on the second lap.
Ricciardo pitted for a new set of softs with 20 laps to go under safety car while the leaders stayed out on their used set of mediums, he then fought his way past both Ferraris and Mercedes to the lead.
With 10 laps to go, Bottas was leading but still needing to make a pitstop followed by Vettel and Hamilton when the Red Bulls crashed bringing out the safety car.
Bottas pitted under safety car and came out still leading but a puncture on the penultimate lap caused him to retire. Vettel, who was second behind him at the restart, locked up on cold tyres at turn 1 and went wide, dropping behind the remaining top three.
In Spain , Hamilton had taken pole position. In the end, Hamilton won comfortably in Spain , extending his lead to seventeen points.
Bottas finished second while Verstappen finished third, his first podium of the season. Ricciardo took pole in Monaco and won the event despite developing an engine problem mid-race that left him severely down on power.
Vettel finished second and Hamilton finished 3rd. In Canada , Vettel won from pole taking the world championship lead by one point from Hamilton.
Bottas finished 2nd for the fourth time this season as Verstappen finished third, his qualifying position. The race result was counted back to the standings at the end of lap 68 of 70 after the chequered flag was waved a lap early in error — although this did not impact the top 10 standings.
Hamilton took pole position and victory his third of the season in the returning French Grand Prix , taking the world championship lead back with 14 points, with Vettel finishing only 5th after a first corner crash with Bottas.
Verstappen finished second, taking advantage of the Vettel—Bottas crash. However, in the race, both Mercedes suffered from technical problems and neither one was able to finish the race.
Ricciardo also retired from the race. Haas took full advantage of the Mercedes and Ricciardo retirements and finished 4th Grosjean and 5th Magnussen.
Two safety car periods late in the race bunched the field up, one for a single car crash involving Ericsson and the other after contact between Grosjean and Sainz.
Vettel passed Bottas for the lead with 5 laps to go to take his fourth win of the season and extend his championship lead.
In Germany , Vettel took his fifth pole of the season on home turf. He led the race until lap 52 when he made a mistake at turn 13 and crashed into the wall following a small rain shower, forcing him to retire.
Meanwhile, Hamilton took the lead of the race after starting 14th having made one less pit stop. The season resumed in Belgium , after the mid-season break.
Hamilton started from pole but lost the lead to title rival Vettel on the first lap after a straight-line high-speed pass. Vettel eventually won the race with Hamilton second and Verstappen completing the podium with third.
There was a first lap incident between Hamilton and Vettel which left the latter struggling as he could only manage 4th. In Russia , Bottas started from pole and was the virtual race leader for the first half of the race but obeyed team orders and allowed Hamilton to overtake him on lap This allowed Hamilton to win the race followed by Bottas and Vettel.
In Japan , Hamilton took the pole which he then converted into victory after leading every lap, he was followed by Bottas in second and Max Vertappen in third.
Vettel actually qualified second but had to start fifth after being penalised for not slowing enough during a red flag period in first practice.
Hamilton only outscored Vettel by three points meaning he had failed to wrap up the title on his first attempt. In Mexico , Vettel needed to win the Grand Prix and Hamilton 8th or lower for the Championship to remain in contention.
His teammate, Max Verstappen won by Hamilton started from pole but lost the lead to Max Verstappen on lap 40 as Mercedes had to turn his engine down to prevent failure.
After the race, Hamilton and Vettel flanked the retiring Fernando Alonso on the post-race lap,  and all three drivers performed synchronized "donuts" on the finish straight.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Races by country Races by season. Comparison between the McLaren MCL32 top and the MCL33 bottom showing the addition of the "halo" cockpit protection device and removal of the "shark fin".
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. List of Formula One World Championship points scoring systems. For sponsorship purposes, these engines are rebadged as "TAG Heuer".
Max Verstappen was officially recognised as setting the fastest lap. If two or more drivers or constructors achieve equal results an equal number of times, the FIA will nominate the winner according to such criteria as it sees fit.
Retrieved 23 August Formula One World Championship Limited. Spectators will also have a birds eye view of the charge out of La Source and down the straight, including a clear view up to the pit lane exit.
Your lunch will be distributed between Grandstand, you will be able to relish superb views of the Belgian Grand Prix with a complimentary Lunch Box and parking included in your ticket.
This Grandstand is located in the middle of the Raidillon Eau Rouge, featuring excellent views of the whole stretch form the Source curb until the Eau Rouge, as well as good views of the GP 2 paddock.
Spectators will see cars weaving right, left, and out onto the main straight. This is a sought after grandstand and a fantastic spot to see cars charge towards the first corner.
Spectators will also be well placed to see the pre-race grid further up the straight, a distant view of the podium, the chequered flag as the winner crosses the line, and the champagne showered podium celebrations and interviews afterwards.
At this stage, cars sweep through this double turn left-right, before heading uphill at an incredible speed. This grandstand is located in the beginning of the smooth Pouhon curve: